Isaiah Chapter 17
17:1 "The burden of
city served as the capital of
is just a prophecy from Isaiah that
Isaiah 17:2 "The cities of Aroer [are] forsaken: they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make [them] afraid."
The cities of Aroer are pretty hard to discover anything about. They were, possibly, known by another name. We do know that they will be totally destroyed some time after Isaiah gave this prophecy. In fact, there will be such destruction that no one will be living to protest the cows grazing there.
17:3 "The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from
Ephraim: The northern 10 tribes, also known as “
appears that Ephraim,
Ephraim had been fortified, but it appears the fortress had been destroyed. We
will find in later lessons, that God forgives Ephraim. Just as there was a
Isaiah 17:4 "And in that day it shall come to pass, [that] the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean."
The waning of this glory pictured the judgment of God against the northern 10 tribes, descendants of Jacob.
glory of Jacob being made thin" just means there will be only a remnant left of
17:5 "And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the
ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the
harvesters stripped bare that fertile valley west of
Isaiah 17:6 "Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two [or] three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four [or] five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the LORD God of Israel."
This is just stating how small a percentage of the Israelites will be left. When a tree was shaken and beaten to get the fruit, the few that were left were not to be taken.
learned in Leviticus that they were left for the widows, orphans, and strangers.
This, however, is just explaining that most of them are killed. The order to
leave the remnant was from the LORD God of
Two or three … Four or five: God’s judgment against Ephraim was to leave only sparse pieces of her original abundance of olives.
17:7 "At that day shall a man look to his Maker, and his eyes shall have respect
to the Holy One of
Those that are left are the ones who looked to God their Creator for safety. Their gratitude will be to the Holy One of Israel for saving them. They will be very aware that His grace is what saved them.
In the future, severe judgments are to awaken a remnant of Ephraim to their failure to depend on the Lord. Then they will repent.
Isaiah 17:8 "And he shall not look to the altars, the work of his hands, neither shall respect [that] which his fingers have made, either the groves, or the images."
Repentance is to lead to the forsaking of idolatry, which for so long beset the nation.
The awakening is to the fact that these false gods and idols made with human hands could not save them. The few that remain have realized their only hope is in God.
17:9 "In that day shall his strong cities be as a forsaken bough, and an
uppermost branch, which they left because of the children of
The cities will be totally destroyed. The tree is stripped clean except for the branches the remnant was on. Even the remnant will feel the desolation of the land from this great judgment of God.
Isaiah 17:10 "Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength, therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips:"
“Forgotten the God of thy salvation”: Failure to remember God had left
God is the "Rock" of their salvation. Jesus Christ is our Rock of salvation. The "slips", spoken of here, are the false doctrines the Israelites had planted. This is almost like what we are seeing today in our churches. Many of the new ideas on worship are for the pleasing of the fleshly sight of mankind.
"Strange slips", then, is speaking of bringing new doctrines into the church that the LORD is not pleased with. There is only one true doctrine, it is found in our Bible. Almost everything pleasant to the flesh of man is opposed to the Spirit. We must choose between flesh and spirit.
Isaiah 17:11 "In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: [but] the harvest [shall be] a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow."
“Make thy plant to grow”: The prophet reminded his readers of the futility of trying to meet their needs without the Lord’s help.
It seems false doctrine grows faster than the truth. You can plant the seed of false doctrine, and it may even grow rapidly. It sometimes even spreads to other churches, but when harvest time comes, the plant the false doctrine has produced will be gathered up and destroyed.
This is the same as the wheat and the tares in Matthew chapter 13 beginning with verse 25.
Isaiah 17:12 "Woe to the multitude of many people, [which] make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations, [that] make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters!"
people”: The prophet turned his attention to the coming armies of
There are two distinct meanings in this verse. In one instance, this is speaking of armies of many nations in a great battle. The 2nd I believe is the true message we are to see in this. It is a civilization of many nations rushing to their own destruction.
is a direct connection between the word "seas" and large numbers of people. Just
as God saved a remnant of the physical house of
Church, we must realize what we are doing, and get back into right fellowship with God. The Word of God should be our guide. Do not accept other teachings. I pray this woe is not to the present day church.
Isaiah 17:13 "The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind."
“But God shall rebuke them”: God’s rebuke put those enemies to flight.
This, again, is probably speaking then to the people who would be destroyed in battle. To me, this is speaking of our time when people are rushing to and fro. Many are following false gods. Worse than all of that, is the slack attitude of the church. God is Holy. We must walk holy before Him. These next Scriptures, in Jesus' Words say it so well.
Matthew 7:21-23 "Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven." "Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?" "And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity."
Do you go to church to be entertained? If you said yes, you might as well stay at home.
wants a family who will reverence Him and desire fellowship with Him. True
worship is repenting of our sins, accepting Jesus as our Savior and Lord,
believing that the price for our sin was paid in full at
Isaiah 17:14 "And behold at eveningtide trouble; [and] before the morning he [is] not. This [is] the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us."
When morning came, the invading force had disappeared. God protects His people.
had always promised to bless those who bless
Isaiah Chapter 17 Questions
What happens to Aroer?
What does the cows grazing tell us?
What will happen to Ephraim?
Why were Ephraim,
, and Aroer thought of as a unit? Damascus
What is meant by "the glory of Jacob being thin"?
Who had David won a victory over in the
? valleyof Rephaim
What is another name for the "
"? valleyof Rephaim
What does the "harvestman" have to do with?
Who is the "corn" in verse 5?
We learned in the study of __________ not to reap the last fruit.
Who was the gleaning left for?
Who was the remnant?
Why were they saved?
What will the remnant be aware of?
What had they awakened to about their idols?
Who had they forgotten?
Who is the 'Rock" of our salvation?
The "slips" in verse 10 are what?
Things pleasant to the flesh of man are opposed to the _______.
Where do we find the parable of the wheat and tares?
What can be connected to "seas" in the spiritual sense?
The nations shall rush like the rushing of many ___________.
Read Matthew chapter 7 verses 21 through 23.
Describe true worship.
God has always promised to bless whom?
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