Ezekiel Chapter 38
These next two chapters, 38 and 39, tell of a coming northern confederacy of nations who will invade the Promised Land.
Ezekiel 38:1-2 "And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying," "Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,"
This begins a new prophecy. We must look at this from the standpoint of future
prophecy, because the things mentioned in the following verses have not happened
yet. This prophecy is for the day of the Lord. Some call it the time of the end.
This prophecy is primarily spoken against Gog in the
The invading hordes will be led by Gog who seems to be the leader in Magog which is the land North of Palestine around and above the Caspian and Black seas.
“The chief prince” is a reference to Rosh (Rosh meaning chief that is mentioned over 600 times in the Hebrew Old Testament), often in reference to chief priest.
“Gog” was used to render names such as Agag (Num. 24:7 and Deut. 3:1), possibly showing that though it was a proper name, it came to be used as a general title for an enemy of God’s people. “Gog” most likely carries the idea “high” or “supreme one”, based on the comparison in Num. 24:7.
It refers to a person, described as a “prince” from the
Ezekiel 38:3 "And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:"
This statement is easily understood. God is against them, because they have been against God.
“Meshech and Tubal”: Two peoples were recognized in ancient Assyrian monuments:
one called Mushki (Mushku) and the other Tubali (Tabal). Both were in Asia
Minor, the area of Magog, modern day
Ezekiel 38:4 "And I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws, and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts [of armour, even] a great company [with] bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:"
Just as God used Assyria and
Ezekiel 38:5 "
Ezekiel 38:6 "Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: [and] many people with thee."
Today the area called Gomer is
Ezekiel 38:7 "Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them."
This is still speaking to Gog. He is to prepare for war. "Guard", in the Scripture above, means leader.
This is the great time of
Ezekiel 38:8 "After many days thou shalt
be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into the land [that is] brought
back from the sword, [and is] gathered out of many people, against the mountains
In the context of
Gathered is a word also frequently referring to God’s final regathering of
Dwell safely means the Israelites’ blessed estate after God has brought them back to their land.
Ezekiel 38:9 "Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with thee."
This will be a massive army of all of the above mentioned nations, coming to
attack the little
Ezekiel 38:10 "Thus saith the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, [that] at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought:"
This evil thought comes from an evil heart. We must remember, that God is using
Gog's evil thoughts to pull him to this battle the same as he did with the
Ezekiel 38:11 "And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates,"
They are such a small nation, and without walls and gates to hold the conquerors back. They should be an easy prey. This is the evil thought they are thinking.
Ezekiel 38:12 "To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn thine hand upon the desolate places [that are now] inhabited, and upon the people [that are] gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land."
Ezekiel 38:13 "Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions thereof, shall say unto thee, Art thou come to take a spoil? hast thou gathered thy company to take a prey? To carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?"
"Therefore, son of man, prophesy and say unto Gog, Thus saith the Lord
GOD; In that day when my people of
It appears that Gog has been watching and waiting for an opportunity to come
Ezekiel 38:15 "And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou, and many people with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company, and a mighty army:"
The strangest thing about this is the fact, they are riding upon horses. One thing we must remember is that in Ezekiel's day there were no motorized vehicles. He is giving this prophecy in his own terminology.
Some see horses and weapons here being used symbolically to represent meaning which would be easy to grasp in Ezekiel’s day, but which would be fulfilled in the future time with different war forms suitable to the time.
Ezekiel 38:16 "And thou shalt come up against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days, and I will bring thee against my land, that the heathen may know me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes."
Notice that “my people of
“That the heathen may know me” is a phrase, frequent in Ezekiel, is part of the theme to glorify God and show His sovereign power. God is the victor, who will be “hallowed” by fire.
Ezekiel 38:17 "Thus saith the Lord GOD; [Art] thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days [many] years that I would bring thee against them?"
“Art thou he” refers to the general references to this time and the participants. Even Daniel referred to this time at least 3 decades prior to Ezek. 38 in Dan. 2:41-44. The nature of the question presupposes that the previous generalities are now being particularized in the person of Gog.
Ezekiel 38:18 "And it shall come to pass
at the same time when Gog shall come against the
God has led these countries, and people opposed to God, to this place to destroy
them. It will not be
Ezekiel 38:19 "For in my jealousy [and]
in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great
shaking in the
This is speaking of a huge earthquake in
Ezekiel 38:20 "So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that [are] upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground."
This will be a great earthquake, which the entire world will feel. Every living creature upon the earth will fear the Lord at this point.
This sounds like it could be the sixth seal mentioned in Rev. 6: verses 12-17. "And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;" "And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind." "And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places." "And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;" "And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:" "For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?"
But notice that in verse 18 above that this is coming at the time when Gog shall
come against the
Ezekiel 38:21 "And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the Lord GOD: every man's sword shall be against his brother."
The great confusion caused by all of these calamities, will cause the army of Gog and his companions to turn their swords on each other.
Ezekiel 38:22 "And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that [are] with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone."
This bothered me a lot as I could only think of this happening in Rev. 19, but not so. This happens in many other places such as Rev. 8:7, , and -21 which is actually the end when Jesus returns.
Chapters 17 & 18 continues that describe the Harlots, 19, the marriage supper of the Lamb, 20, Satan is bound, 21, the New Heaven and New earth and 22, The River of Life and a description of heaven.
Other scripture where hail is described is in Psalms, 6 verses and Exodus in 14 places.
In the natural, this appears to be an atomic war of great magnitude. This,
however, comes from God. This fire and brimstone is like that which fell upon
Those who are killed by the rain, hailstones and brimstone are those who are enemies of God. What then happens to those who are God’s faithful that may be close by?
Do you remember the 6 angels of Ezekiel in chapter 9 who were charged with the
killing of those who didn’t mourn the abominations that the people of
It is easy to confuse the events which happen here in Ezekiel 38, especially the last several verses from 18 to 22 which sound so close to those of Revelation chapter -21 and -21. However there are some differences which must be looked at.
Even a casual reader plainly sees that
(2) No one world government is functioning during the events in Ezekiel 38 and 39.
(3) We will look at and talk more about Ezek. 39:8-10 when it comes to Israel’s burning of the weapons of war left by Gog and Magog in chapter 39:9 and look at some scripture that will leave no doubt as to the timing of some of these scriptures.
Ezekiel 38:23 "Thus will I magnify myself, and sanctify myself; and I will be known in the eyes of many nations, and they shall know that I [am] the LORD."
The only glory that will come from this is the glory that God will get. Everyone who is left will know He is God. No man has to elevate God, or could even if they wanted to. God is above all of His creation, including man.
Ezekiel Chapter 38 Questions
1. Ezekiel was told to set his face against _______.
2. When is this prophecy for?
3. Magog seems to be what country?
4. Mescheck is, possibly, speaking of ___________.
5. Tubal is, possibly, speaking of Tobolsk of ___________.
6. What was this northern nation known for?
7. Gog was chief prince of __________ and ________.
8. Why was God against them?
10. What is
12. Where is
13. Libya joins __________ on the west side.
14. What do all of these countries have in common?
15. Which directions do they come from?
16. Many believe Gomer to be ____________.
17. Who is Togarmah?
18. What are they to prepare for?
19. When will this war happen?
20. Why will they decide to attack
21. What benefit do they think it will be to them?
22. Who asks the question in verse 13?
23. Who does the author believe the "young lions" are?
24. What is the strangest thing about this army that descends on
25. When they come against
26. What is this great shaking, probably?
27. Quote Zechariah chapter 14 verse 4.
28. Every man's sword shall be against ____ _________.
29. What destruction does God rain down on them?
30. Quote Ezekiel chapter 38 verse 23.
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